An Overview ADHD in Adults Part 2
Causes and Diagnosis and Treatment Options
Cause and Diagnosis
Exactly what causes ADHD has not been pinpointed, though many professionals believe neurobiological and genetic elements play a role. In addition, numerous social factors such as family conflict and poor child-rearing practices, while not causing the condition, may complicate the course of ADHD and its treatment.
The name attention deficit disorder was first introduced in 1980 in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. In 1994 the definition was altered to include three groups within ADHD: the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type; the predominantly inattentive type; and the combined type
For those that are not familiar with the DSM or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual it is the Manual by which Doctors use to identify a diagnosis. All diagnosis are identified by a numerical code. For example Generalized Anxiety Disorder is identified as 300.07 and is accompanied by a definition or set of symptoms.
In a later post I will illustrate a lesson in the fundamentals of the DSM.
The symptoms of ADHD do not always go away — up to 60 percent of child patients retain their symptoms into adulthood.
Many adults with ADHD have never been diagnosed, so they may not be aware they have the disorder.
They may have been wrongly diagnosed with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder or a learning disability.
ADD is readily treatable, although finding the right treatment that works for you can sometimes take time. The most common treatments for this condition include certain types of medications (called stimulants) and, for some, psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy alone can also be an effective treatment, but many adults feel more comfortable simply taking a daily medication. You should explore all your treatment options, however, before you make a final decision.
The best treatment for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is based on a multimodal, multidisciplinary approach, which includes medication and psychotherapy (and/or ADHD coaching).
Specifically, medication reduces impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. That is, ADHD medication helps you to focus, work, and learn. However, research has found that medication alone doesn’t address every symptom of ADHD.
That’s because, as the common saying goes, “pills don’t teach you skills.”
So, while medication is critical in helping individuals with ADHD reduce symptoms,
it doesn’t teach you the skills, systems, and tools necessary to succeed at your job, study for exams, regulate your emotions, run a household, build relationships, and build an intentional, fulfilling life.
Having ADHD my entire life I have done much research on it in this series I try to impart what I have learned to others.
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